A major role of the Israel Academy is to promote and coordinate scholarly cooperation and collaboration between Israel and the international community. It does this by cultivating international agreements for scientific cooperation, and representing Israel in international scientific organizations.
The Academy has agreements with over forty international institutions (most of them National Academies of Science), providing the basis for bi-national and multinational science workshops, exchange of international scholars, sponsoring prestigious postdoctoral scholarships, and participating in regional scientific activities.
The Academy represents the Israeli scientific community in nearly all of the scientific unions of the International Science Council (ISC), and it is a founding member of ALLEA (All European Academies), the Association of Academies and Societies of Sciences in Asia (AASSA), the Inter-Academy Partnership (IAP).
In 1982, the Academy established the Israeli Academic Center in Cairo
, Egypt, which it maintains today, as part of efforts to advance bi-national cultural and academic ties.